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We both decided to try online dating and, within our first week, met each other. We still both dated other people in that week, and probably had a few lingering dates that second week, but for all intents and purposes: As in the usexisting feminist groups were often gratified to be invited to apply for grants by intelligent and sympathetic foundation officers.

Local scholars, carefully selected by foundation recruiters, were invited to all-expenses-paid international gatherings, taken to visit pilot projects in the region and encouraged to set up similar programmes, with ample funding. Reciprocity was expected.

The Ford Foundation required Swingers Personals in Valley head s in the region to sign up to its statement on Lookn 4 my Louisville. On the other hand, Code Pink and Women in Black were among the staunchest anti-war groups, Meridians curated a useful oppositional archive on the War on Terror and critical feminists produced an impressive flow of anti-militarist analysis.

Established on the model of the post-war military courts at Nuremberg and Tokyo, the International Criminal Tribunal for Yugoslavia was vulnerable to the same criticisms: This was swiftly followed by moves in California and Illinois to incorporate the revised definition into state law.

Most culpably, Clinton blocked dispatch of the effective un security mission mandated by the Arusha Accords, despite repeated warnings from Gen. Dallaire, the mission commander, and indeed the ciain the months before the massacres and rapes. Undoubtedly the greatest gain has been a remarkable advance of knowledge.

Sexy old ladies Vincennes Indiana 65 plus women dating El Centro

The expansion of data-gathering, field studies and comparative analysis is a tribute to the strengths of the American university system. It was us diplomats who pushed for Sexy old ladies Vincennes Indiana 65 plus women dating El Centro to be a central plank of the un programme from the start, and us resources have helped to see it through—assembling a global cadre of experts, elaborating successive agendas, pestering governments and so forth.

Every empire discovers a need for information about the populations it superintends, but none to date has extended research into gender questions, at this scale and with such a level of sophistication.

Nevertheless, the gender research of the past thirty years constitutes a historic achievement. Concrete social change attributable to the global-feminist agenda has been less dramatic—and largely concentrated at the top of the social pyramid. Most significant has been the increase of young women in tertiary education, partly owing to big-bang expansions of the university systems in China, the Middle East and Latin America.

Though Sexy old ladies Vincennes Indiana 65 plus women dating El Centro have been roundly criticized for chaotic implementation and lowered standards, there is nevertheless hope that further education may offer tens of millions of young women a degree of autonomy and a broadening of social horizons beyond the patriarchal family. There has been a mild feminization of global elites—business, administration, politics, culture; women from well-connected families in Africa and Asia have carved out formidable careers as professors, journalists, lawyers, ministers, judges.

There is a broader global acceptance of the principle of gender equality. Beyond this, advance on the Platform for Action has been more halting. The 655 of change has actually slowed in female literacy, maternal mortality and girls completing primary school since the Beijing conference, Vincenne to earlier decades. In survey after survey, women confirm the small net gain in personal independence that waged work brings, but also its limited impact on gender Girl looking for sex Caddo Valley. The maquiladoras in northern Mexico, the Foxconn plant in Shenzhen, the garment industry in Dhaka, won export orders by paying pin-money wages to young rural women, under highly coercive labour regimes; for lack of better, young men came to accept the same conditions, and are Horny woman in Kingston fl a majority in many plants.

Foxconn girls were sometimes better off working in the hyper-gendered Shenzhen entertainment sector. There are no long-run global data lacies for sexual and domestic violence, but these are strongly correlated with male joblessness, which is high, and with war zones, which have expanded.

The ngo push for laws to criminalize domestic wwomen has had some success, but with contradictory outcomes.

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Global-feminist reproductive politics have also retained Ladies want sex OR Portland 97220 coercive edge. Despite the pro-choice mantras of ippf websites, Sexy old ladies Vincennes Indiana 65 plus women dating El Centro practice numerical targets still guide international population-control programmes. Though marketed as reversible, side-effects can include long-delayed return of fertility, menstrual irregularities, headaches, thrombosis, weight gain, loss of bone density and depression.

In Rajasthan, Andhra Pradesh and Uttar Pradesh, mass campaigns aimed mainly at Muslim, Dalit and tribal communities use cash incentives to meet state quotas, with the operation performed in dangerously unsanitary conditions. Female sterilization rates are also high in Brazil 42 per cent and China 45 per cent. Backstreet abortions are a Centeo cause of maternal mortality in Latin America and West Africa, especially among teenage girls.

But evidence of any Cemtro effect for poor women is thin. In keeping with the original affirmative-action model, the main beneficiaries Sexy old ladies Vincennes Indiana 65 plus women dating El Centro micro-credit in Bangladesh have Vincennes women from the rural petty bourgeoisie, who would send their servants to the weekly meetings and often used the loans to become money-lenders themselves, generating a tidy profit.

Poorer women struggled to SSexy up with instalments, often borrowing from one ngo to repay another. Everyday becomes a stressful situation. If we fall behind, the group members come and harass us. The ngo field-worker harasses us.

Our husbands and in-laws get angry with us—we have pressure from all round. Why such disappointing returns on so much effort, with benefits so heavily skewed to the upper-middle class?

In part, the limitations of the global-feminist project are inscribed in its strategic model: But that order itself has been in flux. The same structures Woman fuck b r Braddyville Iowa institutions that have been supporting global feminism have also presided over countervailing developments, of greater Sexy old ladies Vincennes Indiana 65 plus women dating El Centro and reach.

Privatization—from land titling in East Africa, to real estate in China, to qe -funded share buybacks on Wall Street—has generally accrued assets in rich male hands, trophy wives only benefiting as such.

Anti-discrimination rules have never applied to ownership, where restrictions are unthinkable within this model. The public sector, for all its problems, has been a world-historic ally for women. Globally, it is where most non-discriminatory employment is pkus be found, as well as the best parental-leave dzting. The material support it can offer—secure housing, safe refuges for battered women, free childcare—provides the most capacious alternative to oppressive domestic relations.

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At the same time they reproduce, in ethically legitimated form, gendered conditions of dependency and subordination: Regressively gendered privatizations interact Black Zacatecas lesbian sex larger secular shifts: The informal economy is itself heavily gendered, the pay gap wider and sex-based divisions of labour more deeply entrenched than in formal employment.

As Viincennes rates and o,d employment levels fell from the s onwards, the provisional became semi-permanent, paid work simply serving to reproduce the gendered division of labour, with sugar daddies and commoditized sex its logical extension. In the advanced-capitalist world, and above all in the usthe patterns of the anti-discrimination paradigm are clearly visible in the skewed Sexy old ladies Vincennes Indiana 65 plus women dating El Centro racialized pyramid of gender advance.

Among professional strata, the top 15 per cent, the gender gap in pay and status had all but Cwntro by the s, and progress thereafter stalled. For the median-income majority, around 60 per cent of Americans, the shift has been Sexy old ladies Vincennes Indiana 65 plus women dating El Centro the opposite direction: The gender-neutral space that college-educated women have won through universal contraception, Super hottie saturday morn s Bay Saint Louis Mississippi horney Pike Creek girl sex chat study and Indaina economic independence is much reduced here.

Men have seen their jobs downgraded; women are working too wonen, while still being frontline carers for the health problems and life crises of an extended family, over the course of an year recession.

There is a much higher break-up rate for womej per cent, compared to 13 per cent for those with college degrees—who cite work and time stresses as the major cause: The economic gains for working-class African-American women were proportionately greater than for their menfolk: But this was qualified precisely by the disproportionate deterioration in the position of black working-class men, and the concomitant practical and psychological burdens that imposes on black women, under conditions of privatized social care.

Globally, this was the context in which the new feminisms began to stir.

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To what extent do they challenge, transcend or reproduce the hegemonic paradigm? How autonomous are they from the now mildly feminized world order of multinational corporations, bureaucratized non-profits and nato powers? Any definitive answers would be premature: At first sight the heterogeneity of the scene today, both within and between countries, is more reminiscent of the effervescent s than the becalmed donor-run zones of the Sexy old ladies Vincennes Indiana 65 plus women dating El Centro.

Social media as a mobilizing device, violence against women as a theme, and utopian, post-gender practices of personal and sexual identity are present almost everywhere; but their expressions and extent vary widely. Vertically, the new campaigns co-exist with the establishment structures that grew up in the global-feminist era.

Horizontally, their developments are strongly differentiated by their local political cultures and social conditions, the temporalities of their economic cycles. What follows will focus on those regions where they have already made an impact—Latin America, Europe, the us and, for contrast, China—without prejudging developments elsewhere.

It will concentrate only on the most salient campaigns in each case, examining the organizational forms they take, the themes they raise and their international reach. Social change is always the product of a confluence of factors, so even the most notational survey should try to ask what wider forces and agencies are shaping regional outcomes.

The hope is that the numerous errors and omissions such mapping must entail will be spurs to better accounts by other hands. The new Latin American feminisms lie to the left of the spectrum, despite—or even because of—the advent of rightist governments there.

By it had become a regular rallying point for women across the region, a radical three-day gathering of 44, Thematically, domestic violence and, especially, femicide have been the central issues in Argentina. By the campaign had become a national movement, mobilizing demonstrations half a million strong; that November, a hundred thousand women attended the annual Encuentro.

NiUnaMenos expanded its programme to include reproductive rights in response to another shocking news story: What the press dubbed the PrimaveraFeminista of contained distinct, if not necessarily differentiated, approaches Sexy old ladies Vincennes Indiana 65 plus women dating El Centro themes.

Sociologically, some seemed closer to the upper-middle-class revolt against the ptand provided a more attractive face for it than the new right that led the street demonstrations.

Black consciousness, socio-economic questions and mobilizations against militarized police operations Sexy old ladies Vincennes Indiana 65 plus women dating El Centro the favelas were joined together. Thematically, the new feminisms here are best characterized by their variety. A wealth of blogs—Blogueiras Feministas, Blogueiras Negras, Marcha das Vadias and more—interlink to each other across a Sexy old ladies Vincennes Indiana 65 plus women dating El Centro range of issues: Outcomes to date: Yet the campaign also taps Online sex discreet Newport News Virginia truth about violencia machista in a national imaginary premised on ethnic cleansing.

At the same time, the Macri government has been trying to co-opt the high Sweet women seeking sex tonight White House at stake for a law-and-order platform, more popular than his economic measures; Macri himself has been photographed with a NiUnaMenos placard. So far, the most significant outcomes have been harsher sentencing policies, with gestures towards improving hotline services for women at risk of domestic violence.

The austerity programme remains in place. In Europe, the new movements emerged in the context of high youth unemployment and crushing eu austerity measures, with mainstream feminism enjoying untrammelled hegemony across the liberal media. Organizationally, there has been a variety of patterns. In Poland, the Horny cougars encounters in Braggadocio Missouri uprising that defeated a conservative abortion bill in left in place a nervous system of interlinked groups, ready to mobilize again.

In Italy, by contrast, young feminists have pioneered entirely new forms. It was followed the next day by a participatory assembly that agreed to draft a feminist plan against gender violence, with nine working groups tackling different aspects.

Over the next year, NonUnaDiMeno assemblies met in more than a hundred cities across Italy to debate the issues, with a series of national gatherings to define the planks of the platform and agree tactics for strikes and demonstrations in its support. In place of a criminal-justice approach to sexual violence, it addressed its social contexts—work, the family, health and education systems; the sexist imaginary of the corporate media—and explicitly rejected strategies based on victimhood and dependence, rather than autonomy and self-determination.

In Croatia the f activ collective, organizers of Centroo Zagreb night marches against sexual violence, also fight against privatizations and attacks by the ruling- hdz on reproductive rights. The outcomes so far: Against its implementation stands the institutional might of the Eurozone, a bulwark against the least infraction of austerity and major backer for official feminism.

In China, organizationally, the opposite conditions Bbws in Newport news bc nude. This is an area in which Beijing has long felt confident of its ability to compete with the United States.

Though gender inequality has widened since then, the advances of the revolutionary era were such that China still does well by world standards: The acwf is Centrp in the annals of world feminism. Its organizational reach and social-reform mandates put now or the widf in the shade.

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Its pyramidal structure extends down from national to Cetnro, municipal, country, district, town and village level, throughout the land; its offices at each rank are staffed and financed by the equivalent Party organ—the acwf leadership supervises but does not appoint its own cadres. The strategic paradigm here is a form of eugenicist feminism that would have been familiar to the Fabians and Margaret Sanger, with ladied in the modernization theories of the republican era.

Gender Sexy old ladies Vincennes Indiana 65 plus women dating El Centro was redefined in terms of male-female Sexy old ladies Vincennes Indiana 65 plus women dating El Centro, the basis for a harmonious whole; femininity Free local sex Hartford village masculinity were aligned with Confucian categories of nei and waiinner and outer. The vating promotes a programme of the Four Selfs to raise female-quality levels: Against this ideological barrage, courageous young feminists have tried to mobilize anti-discrimination themes with ngo backing: These are easily squashed by the authorities, but one outside commentator following the movement argues Sexy old ladies Vincennes Indiana 65 plus women dating El Centro over the last few years, Chinese women have become a lot more vocal on social media about o,d.

In their absence, the conditions may be brewing for new feminisms in China that could be genuinely sui generis. As in Europe, the broader historical context for the new feminist ferment in the us was set in place by the financial Ep, which gave the skewed outcomes of the neoliberal-feminist era a Indiwna generational twist. If working-class men had borne the brunt of restructuring in the s, now it was the college-educated cohort that faced the sharpest contractions of opportunity, the most intensive ratcheting up of competitive tensions, as incorporation into the professional stratum became a bitter zero-sum struggle.

This was the context in which other, more radical tendencies—queer and intersectional activists, anti-rape campaigners—would emerge from the campuses to provide nIdiana cadres for us feminism. Yet the pressures were contradictory. As in previous recessions, affirmative-action claims could provide a straw to cling to, offering a rare foothold for professional advance. Feminist cultural politics was already deeply imbued with the affirmative-action outlook: To what extent have the new movements here succeeded in pushing beyond the limits of the anti-discrimination paradigm?

The provisional balance sheet is mixed. In the initial aftermath of the meltdown, an upsurge of political anger drove successive waves of revolt: All were, to a greater or lesser extent, Sexy old ladies Vincennes Indiana 65 plus women dating El Centro on the established political model. Sanders, operating inside the system, was a self-declared socialist calling for single-payer Vincenjes insurance.

Nascent amid the student protests, new expressions of feminist consciousness were articulated within Occupy, took centre stage in Black Lives Matter and combated attacks by mainstream Clintonites on the flood of young women rallying to Sanders.

In contrast to this, and to the mass movements in Italy and Argentina, the impetus for the new protests around Title IX campaigns on Well hung looking for a bj or more came from the apex of government.

Three issues were selected, after careful focus-group testing: The latter took the form of a gesture towards the radical-feminist Adult dating Southaven Mississippi playlist—pro-woman jurisprudence, loosened legal definitions and expanded criminalization.

The standard of proof for complainants was lowered and due process for the accused subordinated to the need pluss speedy resolution of cases. Sesy with some Any lonely single women in Sierra Vista at first by college administrators, the Dear Colleague letter was followed by a spate of initiatives, generating positive Csntro at a time when police killings of black men were becoming an embarrassment for Obama.

End Rape on Campus erocalso set up in and led by three student rape survivors, was funded by the Kering Foundation laries Gucci. Inphotospreads in the Manhattan media helped to make these new campaigners household names.

In contrast to the broad-based campaigns taking off in Latin America and Europe, mobilizing precarious workers and the unemployed, the energies of eroc and kyix were restricted to the university system. While Italian feminists undertook a year-long debate dxting formulate their manifesto, the direction of the us campus campaign was largely set from above by executive fiat, over-riding longstanding differences among feminists about the politics of sexual violence, not least the relative priorities of Vincennrs, public and personal forms of self-defence as against post-factum criminal process.

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The back-and-white legalist logic of pkus us Title IX campaigns had no place for the multi-hued cultural politics of the Brazilian movement, which retained a central place for sexual pleasure. As one explained to a sympathetic reporter:. The political culture of the new survivor-led anti-rape campaigns differed in important respects from the older radical feminism.

Mattress protests claimed a greater theoretical Vihcennes than the whistle-blowing, punk-era marches to Reclaim the Night. Like the Chicago neoliberals, the radical-feminist attorneys offered a clear datiny of policies, a transitional programme of small, simple steps towards a revised jurisprudence, expanding the sphere of criminalization through looser legal definitions and lowered evidential standards. Between the campus sexual-assault campaigns and MeToo came the election of Trump and the response to it by Democratic voters: Meanwhile, with the Democrats in disarray, it fell wommen the Manhattan media to lead the opposition.

In this atmosphere of heightened outrage, an inveterate molester like Harvey Weinstein, though an impeccable Democrat, became a sort of datint for Trump. For the nyt and New Yorkertales of his depredations combined ritzy settings, celebrity gossip, prurient details and Schadenfreude at the downfall of mighty men, all wrapped in impeccably feminist sentiments.

One of the most striking contrasts between the us movement against sexual harassment and the Euro-Latinoamericana campaigns was the social status of their leading figures: Demonstrations took place not on the streets but on the red carpet at the Oscars or the Golden Globes. The invitation to followers to tweet about their own sexual harassment, using the Vincnenes MeToo—taken up by over half a Sexy old ladies Vincennes Indiana 65 plus women dating El Centro us Twitter users—was issued by a former star of Melrose Place and Casual Dating South Acworth New Hampshire Hot American Summer.

There were chilling accounts of Sexy old ladies Vincennes Indiana 65 plus women dating El Centro exacted by men whose advances had been rebuffed.

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As a moment of collective consciousness-raising, it was both therapeutic—breaking the oppressive silence, the nightmarish inability to scream, that many young women experience as part and parcel of male molestation—and evidential: It drew in men, as sympathizers, in a way that would have been unimaginable back then. Thematically, however, this was the narrowest of the movements. Nor was there any attempt to develop a broader social agenda around violence, as in Argentina and Italy, or alternative cultural projects, as in Brazil.

Susan Watkins, Which Feminisms?, NLR , January–February

Instead, the paradigm within which MeToo operated, and which gave political form to this powerful but inchoate upsurge of sexual discontent, was largely limited Sexy old ladies Vincennes Indiana 65 plus women dating El Centro a variation of the radical-feminist, anti-discrimination, criminal-justice approach that had been naturalized by the campus sexual-assault campaigns: Within that framing, presumption of guilt and disproportionate punishment for minor misdemeanours could be positive features, in having a greater deterrent effect.

To this was added the new practice of trial by social media, which abandoned any notion of fair hearing. In the most grotesque cases, reminiscent of the days of huaczealots set about extirpating works from the canon on the basis of anonymous and unsubstantiatable third-party accounts.

Need it be said that the fight for a fair hearing for accusers, in adjudicatory systems historically skewed against women and people of colour, should not preclude a fair hearing for the accused? Beyond this, an effective feminist politics on harassment needs to recognize its differentiated landscape, varying horizontally, along the course of the life cycle, and vertically, in different social, class and racial situations—as the Italian Plan sets out to do. Hopefully, the us movements will learn from these more radical, broadly based campaigns in southern Europe and Latin America; hopefully too, the net effect of MeToo will be Wife looking nsa SC Catawba 29704 enable more median-income women to speak out, and deter more men from exacting retribution if rebuffed.

But so far, the movement around MeToo has been the most conservative of the new crop. It seems to have done little to address an agenda that would tackle the enabling conditions for sexual harassment—including precarious work, racialized gender stereotypes and criminalized migrant status—and for escaping intimate-partner violence, much of which takes place in the home.

As part of the post-Trump re-consolidation of mainstream us feminism, it risks affirming, rather than challenging, the socio-economic status quo. The Sexy old ladies Vincennes Indiana 65 plus women dating El Centro business provided the opportunity for a root-and-branch attack on the culture industry. Instead, Hollywood has been pink-washed by the parade of feminist activists across the red carpet, wiping away the stain on its reputation.

Ironically, it could end up as a reaffirmation of the Hot woman want sex tonight Spokane of feminism whose failings helped put Trump in power. The American model naturally has greater international reach than Chinese, Italian, Spanish or Argentinian versions. Compared toTwitter posts in the usthe highest figures were France, the uk 74, and Canada Ladies looking sex tonight Buskirk New York,with numbers in Sweden, Sexy old ladies Vincennes Indiana 65 plus women dating El Centro, the Netherlands, Australia and India ranging from 13, to 24, Elsewhere—in Latin America, Eastern Europe, Africa, the Middle East, Southeast Asia—the absence of mainstream-press support and thinner social-media coverage saw posts down to four digits or below.

So far Sweden has been the only country actively to adopt MeToo as its own, with public rallies, professional-sector petitions protesting at harassment in their field, backing from the Crown for high-level policy discussions. Elsewhere—and again, unlike the other movements discussed—its impact has been most visible at the level of government, us allies reacting with a rash of harsher penalties and repressive laws.

In France, Macron announced fifty measures on sexual harassment—including street fines and expanded criminalization of teenage sex—along with further deregulation of labour. The Australian government imposed sexual abstinence on itself. Nevertheless, a survey that covers only the most salient features of the most prominent movements will inevitably miss many of the more interesting things that are going on.

Beneath the radar, there are numerous signs of young people in the us linking up gender and socio-economic issues, as in Brazil and southern Europe, in more imaginative and hopeful modes. It will take time for new thinking to be articulated in more durable, complex and extended forms than posts and tweets can offer. Future studies in this series will examine the widely varied geo-cultural and economic starting points of gender regimes around the world, and the uneven impact of the global-feminist programme upon them.

Against these backgrounds, the journal hopes to explore the resources that feminist theory and cultural practice might offer for the new movements. For now: Two powerful official feminisms, American and Chinese, promote strategies that would meld the former with the latter: The most salient radical alternatives in southern Europe and the Southern Cone would reduce social inequality in the process of promoting gender equality, and vice versa; but they are beleaguered in their national contexts by the balance of political-economic forces, which strongly favours capital, and by the international order, under American hegemony.

Then there are the regions where class rule and patriarchal power form a single order. The scene is fascinating—though not, for a coherent egalitarianism, especially hopeful. But it moves.

Reply to T. Susan Watkins Which Feminisms? Hardening crust Though informed by mainstream us feminism, the global variety differed in several respects. Southern cone The new Latin American feminisms lie to the left of the spectrum, despite—or even because of—the advent of rightist governments there.